LONDON: People at risk of type 2 diabetes usually avoid sugar as much as possible, but new research suggests that salt also increases the risk of type 2 diabetes.
A new study from Tulane University, published in the Mayo Clinic Proceedings, found that high salt intake is associated with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes.
The study surveyed more than 400,000 adults registered with the UK Biobank about their salt intake. The results showed that over a median of 11.8 years, participants who consumed salt had 13,000 more cases of type 2 diabetes than those who never or rarely consumed salt.
The risk of developing type 2 diabetes was 13%, 20% and 39% higher among participants who consumed less salt.
“We already know that limiting salt reduces the risk of heart disease and high blood pressure, but this study shows for the first time that this is not the case,” said Lu Qi, a professor at the Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine. Limiting salt intake can also help prevent type 2 diabetes.