Tokyo: Researchers in Japan have uncovered the molecular mechanisms in animal bodies that schedule the coordination between mealtimes and daily routines.
Researchers at Tokyo Metropolitan University have conducted a study using fruit flies to understand daily eating patterns. They discovered that the quasimodo (qsm) gene plays an important role in synchronizing feeding with light/dark periods but is not effective during continuous dark periods.
The researchers found that during periods of continuous darkness, two genes, clock (clk) and cycle (cycle), instead of qsm, maintain feeding patterns.
Additionally, other cycle genes within nerve cells also coordinate certain routine times with day-night changes. The researchers also said that understanding the molecular mechanisms that control feeding patterns could increase our understanding of animal behavior and human behavior.